Improving access to healthcare means addressing unmet need for healthcare by ensuring that the resources required to deliver relevant, appropriate and cost-effective health services are as closely matched to need as possible.
Reforms of healthcare systems include shifts from institutional (e.g. hospitals) to community-based services (e.g. independent living, hospitals at home), or a better integration between primary and secondary care or between health and social care.
eHealth refers to tools and services using information and communication technologies (ICTs) that can improve prevention, diagnosis, treatment, monitoring and management of diseases.
Research and innovation in health is about the introduction of a new idea or product aimed at improving treatment, diagnosis, prevention and research. It has the long term goals of improving quality, safety, outcomes, efficiency and costs.
Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over their health, so that they can make informed decisions about their lifestyle choices and thereby improve their health. This is particularly relevant in the context of the ageing population.
The EU health workforce consists of a wide range of occupations, who are facing various challenges such as increasing demands for healthcare services, shortages in personnel, and the need for new skills and competences.